#### 9.3.3 Wide Gain-Bandwidth Product

Figure 10 shows the open-loop magnitude and phase response of the OPA858. Calculate the gain bandwidth product of any op amp by determining the frequency at which the A_{OL} is 60 dB and multiplying that frequency by a factor of 1000. The second pole in the A_{OL} response occurs before the magnitude crosses 0 dB, and the resultant phase margin is less than 0°. This indicates instability at a gain of 0 dB (1 V/V). Amplifiers that are not unity-gain stable are known as decompensated amplifiers. Decompensated amplifiers typically have higher gain-bandwidth product, higher slew rate, and lower voltage noise, compared to a unity-gain stable amplifier with the same amount of quiescent power consumption.

Figure 50 shows the open-loop magnitude (A_{OL}) of the OPA858 as a function of temperature. The results show minimal variation over temperature. The phase margin of the OPA858 configured in a noise gain of 7 V/V (16.9 dB) is close to 55° across temperature. Similarly Figure 51 shows the A_{OL} magnitude of the OPA858 as a function of process variation. The results show the A_{OL} curve for the nominal process corner and the variation one standard deviation from the nominal. The simulated results suggest less than 1° of phase margin difference within a standard deviation of process variation when the amplifier is configured in a gain of 7 V/V.

One of the primary applications for the OPA858 is as a high-speed transimpedance amplifier (TIA), as Figure 59 shows. The low-frequency noise gain of a TIA is 0 dB (1 V/V). At high frequencies the ratio of the total input capacitance and the feedback capacitance set the noise gain. To maximize the TIA closed-loop bandwidth, the feedback capacitance is typically smaller than the input capacitance, which implies that the high-frequency noise gain is greater than 0 dB. As a result, op amps configured as TIAs are not required to be unity-gain stable, which makes a decompensated amplifier a viable option for a TIA. *What You Need To Know About Transimpedance Amplifiers – Part 1* and *What You Need To Know About Transimpedance Amplifiers – Part 2* describe transimpedance amplifier compensation in greater detail.

Figure 50. Open-Loop Gain vs Temperature
Figure 51. Open-Loop Gain vs Process Variation